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Why Would You Want to Add Terpenes?
Terpenes are quickly becoming a well adopted component of all types of herbal products. There is concrete evidence that shows that terpenes contribute to the medicinal benefits of certain herbs in addition to cannabinoids like THC, CBD, and others. Not only do different combinations of terpenes make up the aroma of different cannabis plants but they also impact the effect the strain has. For example, if you have 2 different types of cannabis and both have 15% THC, but one gives you energetic effects and one gives you sedative effects, this is largely due to the different terpene found in each plant or their “profile”.
Terpenes can also be used as flavoring ingredients in addition to their powerful medicinal effects. In certain types of extractions, the terpenes are lost in the process from start to finish.
Our premixed formulas can be purchased allowing you to choose from a variety of strain profiles based upon your desired effects and favorite flavor. You can use isolated terpenes to create your own flavors or improve existing ones. There are terpenes of all flavors from sweet, to sour, woody, and everything in between. Check out our terpene flavors page for a basic overview of the main terpenes and their flavors.
How do I Add Terpenes?
Overall, adding terpenes to your extracts is a relatively simple process. The main factors to consider are formulations, dosing, time, and safety.
There are many different types of terpenes that are available in isolated forms as well as premixed solutions. For the advanced producer, isolates are ideal because the options for formulations and blends are limitless. If you have the proper resources to do R&D, you can create custom blends of terpenes for both flavor and effects based upon each specific batch of oil.
If you are looking for a more turnkey solution with dosing guides and proven formulas, you can purchase premixed solutions as well. Many people prefer the ease of the premixed solutions and then expand to custom blends with isolates over time. The premixed solutions are more expensive per ounce but if you factor in all of the R&D hours for each mix, they can be cheaper per dose than doing it yourself.
Here is a basic overview of the main terpenes and their potential effects.
The dosages for terpene isolates, profiles, and blends are very important and require close attention. These high purity aroma molecules are technically a class 3 hazardous material because they are flammable and volatile in high concentrations.
Terpenes should be diluted to safe levels prior to use. Every terpene has a different dosing range and it also varies when mixing multiple terpenes together. Generally, you want to achieve a 1-5% concentration by volume but that is simply a conservative suggestion. Every mixture is different and depends if you are using them for flavor or effect. The best way to experiment with terpene dosing is to use an adjustable pipette for measuring and start very small. A little amount of terpenes go a long way. Check out our comprehensive terpene dosing guide.
Working with terpenes needs to be taken seriously and you must have the proper safety equipment and supplies to work with them. Always review the MSDS information which will explain how to properly handle each terpene and also potential hazards. General safety needs are as follows:
- Wear gloves
- Wear eye protection
- Have an eyewash station nearby
- Have a fire extinguisher available
- Do not smoke or have open flames near by
- Have proper ventilation in the room you are working
- Stay away from heat sources