Product Development

Making Edibles with Terpenes and Concentrates

Terpenes are added to edibles for the purpose influencing the final products flavor, smell, and effect.

It is important to only use food grade terpenes that are safe to ingest from reputable companies. The FDA has certified certain terpenes as “Food Grade GRAS” and those are the terpenes you should use in your edible products. True Terpenes only sells terpenes found in the cannabis plant which are also GRAS certified.

The most important factor to consider when cooking with terpenes is the concentration. Like most flavor ingredients, the terpene extracts need to be diluted prior to use. You can use dilutants such as butter, MCT, vegetable glycerin, or the cannabis extract or recipe base itself.

These are potent ingredients, the most subtle changes to your recipe can make a noticeable difference. We suggest adding Terpenes slowly to your recipes. Add 1-5% by total volume and allow it to mix thoroughly. You may conduct additional research as needed.

Terpenes are VOC or volatile organic compounds, which mean then evaporate fairly easily, this is magnified with heat. For this reason, you should be conscious about when you add the terpenes to the mixture. Generally, you want to add terpenes at the lowest possible temperature at towards the end of the process. Because terpenes are oil soluble, you might want to use an emulsifying agent such as sunflower lecithin.

Overall, terpenes can make your edibles work faster, have stronger effects and taste better. Check out our premixed blends of terpenes.

Terpenes for Effects

Terpenes for Flavor

Making Capsules with Terpene and Concentrates

Capsules are a great delivery method for ingesting terpenes, they allow for higher doses while sparing your mouth an intense flavor.

It is important to consider the type of capsule that you will use, for this method you will want something which will hold liquid.

Starting with a terpene profile of your choice, dilute the mixture to your preferred strength using a base. (MCT, coconut oil, Maltodextrin, or vegetable glycerin are great mediums).

Example

Making 5% Concentrate 5% Terpene Capsules

  • 90 Grams of coconut oil
  • 5 Grams cannabis concentrate
  • 5 Grams (roughly 5 ml) of terpenes

Combined in a glass container and set to about 95 F on a magnetic mixer for 8-10 minutes.

After the mixture has homogenized, while it is still warm (above 80 F) place in capsules and seal them.

Be sure to test for a seal before distributing.

Making Tinctures with Terpenes and Concentrates

Most terpene blends can be used sublingually on their own in very small amounts (1-2 drops) and you can feel the effects within minutes.

Similarly, many people prefer to take terpenes sublingually by combining them with a tincture, which then helps to deliver the potent effects and flavors by diluting them to your personal taste.

Terpenes are a great additive to tinctures primarily because the final product will have increased effectiveness, improved flavor, and elongated duration of effects. Another quality of some terpenes is that they speed up the onset of effects by helping cannabinoids and other terpenes cross the blood-brain barrier.

Terpenes can be used to mask the traditional cannabis taste when blended in the correct ratios. Unfortunately, there is no set concentration because every tincture and terpene blend varies.

We suggest you start with 1% concentration by volume and working your way up. R&D should be performed on small batches and working your way up until you have a true feel for mixing.

Remember that a small amount of terpenes go a long way and less is more in finding the most ideal ratio with your cannabis extract to maximize the effects without an overpowering flavor.

Making Vape Pens with Terpenes and Concentrates

Unfortunately, we cannot recommend the use of terpenes in vape pens because they are not approved by the FDA for such applications (just like VG and PG are not). We do however, know that terpenes are naturally found in cannabis and have been smoked, vaporized and ingested for thousands of years.

Making Topicals with Terpenes and Concentrates

There is a tremendous opportunity for terpenes to be used in topical applications because they are already in most traditional skin care products. The terpenes must be diluted and used in accordance with the SDS but they can greatly improve the effectiveness of most products. Nerolidol for example, is used to potentially reduce the blood brain barrier, allowing the THC to absorb into your skin more effectively. This is very important because it allows for more direct application to problem areas as opposed to general ingestion or inhalation. Added terpene blends can help ensure that the active ingredients are utilized to their full potential. It doesn’t matter how much THC or CBD you have in your product if you it isn’t absorbed.